Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilization



Dear Students,

Today WBCS Guruji will share with you Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilization from Ancient Indian History. In this post, you will see all sites-wise Archaeological Discovery of Indus Valley Civilization. It is the most important topic for your upcoming exams.



So, for your better preparation and fast reading experience, I will mark by the red ink which is indicated as the most important line. It will help you to make effective notes and important points to remember. now WBCS Guruji share this notes-



Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilization,wbcs guruji





    Harappa:

  • It is excavated by the Daya Ram Sahani in 1921-23.
  • Harappa Civilization is situated on the bank of river Ravi in the Montgomery district of Punjab (now Pakistan).
  • The stone dancing Nataraja and the Cemetry-37 have been excavated in Harappan culture.





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    Mohenjodaro (The Mound of the Dead):

  • It is excavated by RD Bannerjee in the year 1922.
  • It is situated on the bank of river Indus in the Larkana district pf Punjab (now Pakistan).
  • The Great Bath, Collegiate Building and the Assembly Hall are the special features of the Site.
  • Pashupati Mahadeva (Proto Shiva) seal and fragment of woven cotton have been excavated in this Civilization.




    Chanhudaro (Sindh, Pakistan):

  • It is excavated by NG Majumdar in 1931.
  • Chanhudaro is situated on the bank of river Indus in Sindh, Pakistan.
  • It is only the Indus site without citadel.
  • Bronze figurines of bullock cart and ekkas and a small pot suggesting a kink well have been excavated in Chanhudaro.



    Lothal (Gujarat):

  • It is excavated by SR Rao in 1954.
  • Lothal is situated on the bank of river Bhargava.
  • The city was divided into Citadel and the lower town and dockyard have been found.
  • Lothal has been found of Evidence of rice.




    Dholavira (Gujarat):

  • It is excavated by JP Joshi.
  • Dholavira is situated on the bank of river Luni of Kachch district in Gujarat.
  • The evidence of the unique water management system, Harappan inscription and stadium have been found in Dholavira.



    Surkotada (Gujarat):

  • It is excavated by JP Joshi in 1972.
  • Surkotada is situated between the river Sabarmati and the Bhogavo.
  • grave and pit burial has been found in Surkotada.




    Kalibangan (Black Bangles), Rajasthan:

  • It is excavated by the BB Lal in 1961.
  • Kalibangan is situated on the bank of river Ghaggar.
  • The evidence of plowed field, wooden furrow, seven fire-altars, bones of camel and two types of burials (Circular grave and rectangular grave) have been found.





    Banawali (Haryana):

  • It is excavated by the RS Bisht in 1973.
  • Banawali is situated on the bank of river Saraswati.
  • The evidence of both pre-Harappan and Harappan culture and barley with good quality has been found in Banawali.